Vertebral compression fracture

Definition

Collapsing fracture of vertebrae

Compression fracture is a collapsing fracture of the vertebrae due to osteoporosis or severe external impact. Patients with osteoporosis can cause compression fractures even by minor accidents such as slipping on the buttocks or coughing. Especially, in the winter, compression fracture happens more often because body movements tend to be less flexible and it is easier fall or slip, resulting in more frequent compression fractures.

Symptoms

Severe pain in movement or changing postures

  • 1.Sudden collapsing fracture induces very severe pain, while a slow collapse may not cause significant pain
  • 2.Pain in chest, lower abdomen, buttock, or flank
  • 3.Worsening pain by coughing or sneezing
  • 4.Worsening pain by standing up or rolling over

Cause

Osteoporosis, aging of bones, trauma

  • Patients with osteoporosis can have the collapsing fracture of vertebrae even by minor accidents such as slipping or coughing. Eighty percent of patients are female in compression fractures due to osteoporosis, and it may be related to hormones. Compression fracture due to osteoporosis is most prevalent in their 60s and 70, and it is the most common cause of reduced height after their 50s.
  • Treatment

    Diagnosis : BMD(Bone Mineral Density), X-ray, CT, MRI

    Non-surgical treatment

    It may be cured by itself but over an extended time.

    • Bed rest for two weeks
    • Medication
    • Injection
    • Brace